Journal Papers


Estimating real-time highstreet footfall from wi-fi probe requests. International Journal of Geographic Information Science, (B Soundararaj, J Cheshire, P A Longley).

Creating a linked consumer register for granular demographic analysis. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), (G Lansley, W Li and P A Longley).

Data infrastructure requirements for new geodemographic classifications:The example of London’s workplace zones. Applied Geography, (A D Singleton, P A Longley).

Geo-referencing and mapping 1901 Census addresses for England and Wales. International Journal of Geo-Information, (T Lan, P A Longley).

Geographic scales of residential segregation in English cities. Urban Geography, (T Lan, J Kandt, P A Longley).


Ethnicity estimation using family naming practices. PLoS ONE (Public Library of Science) 13(8): e0201774 (J Kandt, P A Longley).


More bark than bytes? Reflections on 21+ years of geocomputation. Environment and Planning B (Urban Analytics and City Science) 44(4): 598-617 (R Harris, D O’Sullivan, M Gahegan, M Charlton, L Comber, P Longley, et. al.)

Interactional regions in cities: making sense of flows across networked systems. International Journal of Geographic Information Science 32:(7): 1348-1367 (K Kempinska, J Shawe-Taylor, P A Longley)


Geo-temporal Twitter demographics. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 30(2): 369-89 (P A Longley, M Adnan)

Measuring the spatial vulnerability of retail centres to online consumption through a framework of e-resilience. Geoforum 9: 5-18 (A D Singleton, L Dolega, D Riddlesden, P A Longley)

The stability of geodemographic cluster assignments over an inter-censal period. Journal of Geographical Systems 18: 97-123 (A D Singleton, M Pavlis, P A Longley)

Deriving age and gender from forenames for consumer analytics. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services 30:271-8 (G Lansley, P A Longley)

The geography of Twitter topics in London. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems Services 58: 85-96 (G Lansley, P A Longley)

Creating the 2011 Area Classification for Output Areas (2011 OAC). Journal of Spatial Information Science 21:1-27 (C G Gale, A D Singleton, A G Bates, P A Longley)

Regional surnames and genetic structure in Great Britain. Transactions, Institute of British Geographers 41: 554-69 (J Kandt, J A Cheshire, P A Longley)

A Classification of multidimensional Open Data of urban morphology. Built Environment 42: 382-95 (A Alexiou, A D Singleton, P A Longley)


The geo-temporal demographics of Twitter usage. Environment and Planning A. 45: 465-84 (P A Longley, M Adnan, G Lansley)

The internal structure of Greater London: a comparison of national and regional geodemographic models. Geo: Geography and Environment 2(1): 69–87 (A D Singleton, P A Longley)


Japanese surname regions. Papers in Regional Science 93: 539-55 (J A Cheshire, P A Longley, K Yano, T Nakaya)

A geocomputational analysis of Twitter activity around different world cities. Geo-spatial Information Science doi: (M Adnan, A Leak, P A Longley)


Exploring geo-genealogy using Internet surname search histories. Journal of Maps   (Y Zhang, M Adnan, R Maciejewski, P A Longley)

Geographical connections: Royal Geographical Society (with IBG) Medals and Awards ceremony 2013. The Geographical Journal (J Rees, M Palin, K Richards, K Jones, P Longley, S Page)

OACoder: postcode coding tool. Journal of Open Research Software 1(2) September.  (M Adnan, A D Singleton, P A Longley)

Temporal uncertainty in a small area open geodemographic classification. Transactions in GIS 17: 563-88 ID 2-s2.0-84878007456 (C Gale, P A Longley)


Geodemographics and the practices of geographic information science. International Journal of Journal of Geographic Information Science 26: 2227-37.

The family name as socio-cultural feature and genetic metaphor: from concepts to methods. Human Biology 84(2): 169-214 (P Darlu, G Bloothooft, A Boattini, L Brouwer, M Brouwer, G Brunet, P Chareille, J A Cheshire, R Coates, P A Longley, K Dräger, B Desjardins, P Hanks, K Mandemakers, P Mateos, D Pettener, A Useli, F Manni)

Patterns of patient registration with primary healthcare in the UK National Health Service. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 102: 1135-45 (D J Lewis, P A Longley).

Identifying spatial concentrations of surnames. International Journal of Geographic Information Science 26: 309-25 (J A Cheshire, P A Longley).

People of the British Isles: preliminary analysis of genotypes and surnames in a UK control population. European Journal of Human Genetics 20: 203-10 (B Winney, W Bodmer and 29 others)


Delineating Europe’s cultural regions: population structure and surname clustering. Human Biology, 81: 573-98 (J A Cheshire, P Mateos, P A Longley)

Ethnicity in naming networks: socio-cultural ties and population structure. PLoS ONE (Public Library of Science),  (P Mateos, P A Longley, D O’Sullivan)

Creating a regional geography of Britain through the spatial analysis of surnames. Geoforum, Pages 506-516 (P A Longley, J A Cheshire, P Mateos)

City shape and the fractality of street patterns. Quaestiones Geographicae 29 (5) 1-8 (N Mohajeri, P A Longley, M Batty)

Estimating secondary school catchment areas and the spatial equity of access. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 35: 241-9 (A D Singleton, P A Longley, R Allen, O O’Brien)

Names-based classification of accident and emergency department users. Health and Place, Pages 506-516 (J Petersen, M Gibin, P A Longley, P Mateos, A Grant)

Geodemographics as a tool for targeting neighbourhoods in public health campaigns. Journal of Geographical Systems, 13: 173-92 (J Petersen, M Gibin, P A Longley, P Mateos, P Atkinson, D I Ashby)

Predicting participation in higher education: a comparative evaluation of the performance of geodemographic classifications. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society A, 174: 17–30 (C Brunsdon, P A Longley, A D Singleton, D Ashby)


Grid-enabling geographically weighted regression: a case study of participation in higher education in England. Transactions in GIS, 14, 43-61 (R Harris, D Grose, A D Singleton, C Brunsdon, P A Longley)

The surname regions of Great Britain. Journal of Maps, v2010, 401-409. (J A Cheshire, P A Longley, A D Singleton)

Towards real-time geodemographics: clustering algorithm performance for large multidimensional spatial databases. Transactions in GIS, 14: 283-97 (M Adnan, P A Longley, A D Singleton, C Brunsdon)

Lost in translation. Cross-cultural experiences in teaching geo-genealogy. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 34: 21-38 (P A Longley, A D Singleton, K Yano, T Nakaya)


Creating open source geodemographics – refining a national classification of Census Output Areas for applications in higher education. Papers in Regional Science, 88: 643-66 (A D Singleton, P A Longley)

Uncertainty in the analysis of ethnicity classifications: some issues of extent and aggregation of ethnic groups. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 35: 1437-60 (P Mateos, A D Singleton, P A Longley)

Classification through consultation: public views of the geography of the E-Society. International Journal of Geographical Information Science 22: 23: 737-63 (P A Longley, A D Singleton)

Linking social deprivation and digital exclusion in England. Urban Studies, 46(7), 1275-98 (P A Longley. A D Singleton)

Teenage pregnancy – new tools to support local health campaigns. Health and Place. 15, 300-7 (J Petersen, P Atkinson, S Petrie, M Gibin, D Ashby, P A Longley)

Geodemographics, visualization and social networks in applied geography. Applied Geography, 29: 289-98 (A D Singleton, P A Longley)


An exploratory cartographic visualisation of London through the Google Maps API. Applied Spatial Analysis and Planning, 1:85:97 (M Gibin, A Singleton, R Milton, P Mateos, P A Longley)

The UK geography of the E-Society: a national classification. Environment and Planning A 40: 360-82 (P A Longley, R Webber, C Li)


Police reform and the new public management paradigm: matching technology to the rhetoric. Environment and Planning C 24: 159-175 (D I Ashby, B Irving, P A Longley)

Geodemographic classifications, the digital divide and understanding customer take-up of new technologies. BT Technology BT Technology Journal 24: 67-74 (P A Longley, D I Ashby, R Webber, C Li)

The quantitative analysis of family names: historic migration and the present day neighbourhood structure of Middlesborough, United Kingdom. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 96: 31-48 (P A Longley, R Webber, D Lloyd R Webber)

A test environment for location-based services applications. Transaction in GIS 10: 43-61 (C Li, P A Longley)


Geocomputation, geodemographics and resource allocation for local policing. Transactions in GIS 9: 53-72 (D I Ashby and P A Longley)

The emergence of geoportals and their role in spatial data infrastructures Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 29: 3-14 (D J Maguire and P A Longley)

Geographic information portals – a UK perspective. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 29: 49-69 (P Beaumont, P A Longley and D J Maguire)

A renaissance of geodemographics for public service delivery. Progress in Human Geography, 29: 57-63

Quantifying interpolation errors in urban airborne laser scanning models. Geographical Analysis 37: 200-24 (S L Smith, D Holland and P A Longley)

Assessing the usefulness of store card data in direct sales of financial services. Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, 12, 407-17 (S J Berry and P A Longley)


Spatial dependence and heterogeneity in patterns of hardship: an intra-urban analysis. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 94: 503-19 (P A Longley, C Tobón)

GIS on modelling and representation 2004. Progress in Human Geography, 28: 108-16

Targeting clusters of deprivation within cities. In G Clarke and J Stilwell (eds) Applied GIS and Spatial Analysis. Chichester, John Wiley: 89-110 (R Harris, PA Longley)


Developments in socio-economic data infrastructures
. Progress in Human Geography, 27: 114-21


Will developments in urban remote sensing and GIS lead to ‘better’ urban geography?
Progress in Human Geography, 26: 231-9

Measurement of density gradients and space-filling in urban systems. Papers in Regional Science, 81: 1-28 (P A Longley, T V Mesev)

Creating small area measures of urban deprivation. Environment and Planning A, 34: 1073-93 (R J Harris, P A Longley) doi 10.1068/a34120


The academic success of GIS in geography: problems and prospects.
Journal of Geographical Systems 2: 37-42

GIS and spatial analysis in the new millennium. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 90: 157-65

On the measurement and generalisation of urban form. Environment and Planning A 32: 473-88 (P A Longley, T V Mesev)

New data and approaches for urban analysis: models of residential densities. Transactions in GIS 4: 217-34 (R J Harris, P A Longley)


Towards a new digital data infrastructure for urban analysis and modelling
. Environment and Planning B 26: 855-78 (P A Longley, R J Harris)


The use of diverse RS-GIS sources to measure and model urban morphology
. Geographical Systems 4: 5-18 (P Longley, V Mesev)

Beyond analogue models: space filling and density measurement of an urban settlement. Papers in Regional Science 76: 409-27 (P Longley, V Mesev)

The fractal city. Architectural Design Profile 129: 74-83 (M Batty, P Longley)


The rates revisited? A geographical reassignment of property valuations and local tax burdens under the council tax
Environment and Planning C 14: 101-20 (P Longley, G Higgs, D Martin)


Morphology from imagery:detecting and measuring the density of urban land use
Environment and Planning A 27: 759-80 (T V Mesev, P Longley, M Batty, Y Xie)


The predictive use of GIS to model property valuations
. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems 8: 217-35 (P Longley, G Higgs, D Martin).

The use of GIS in the analysis of diverse urban databases. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 18: 55-66 (D Martin, P Longley, G Higgs).


Models of trading behaviour and accumulation in stratified housing markets
. Environment and Planning B 20: 67-81 (P Longley, H Williams)

The geographical implications of changing local taxation regimes. Transactions, Institute of British Geographers NS 18: 86-101 (P Longley, D Martin, G Higgs).

A GIS-based appraisal of tax valuations. The Journal of Property Valuation and Investment 11: 375-83 (P Longley, G Higgs, D Martin).


Do green belts change the shape of urban areas? A preliminary analysis of the settlement geography of South East England
. Regional Studies 26: 437-52 (P Longley, M Batty, J Shepherd, G Sadler)

The geographical incidence of local government revenues: an intra-urban case study. Environment and Planning C 10: 253-65 (D Martin, P Longley, G Higgs)


Housing careers asset accumulation and subsidies to owner occupiers: a microsimulation
. Housing Studies 6: 57-69 (P Longley, M Clarke, H Williams). doi 10.1080/02673039108720697

The size shape and dimension of urban settlements. Transactions, Institute of British Geographers NS 16: 75-94 (P Longley, M Batty, J Shepherd). url


Fractal measurement and line generalisation
. Computers and Geosciences 15: 167-83 (P Longley, M Batty). doi 10.1016/0098-3004(89)90032-0

On the fractal measurement of geographical boundaries. Geographical Analysis 21: 47-67 (P Longley, M Batty).
Urban growth and form:scaling fractal geometry and diffusion-limited aggregation. Environment and Planning A 21: 1447-72 (M Batty, P Longley, S Fotheringham).

Microanalysis and simulation of housing careers: subsidy and accumulation in the UK housing market. Papers of the Regional Science Association 66: 105-22 (M Clarke, P Longley, H Williams).

Diffusion-limited aggregation and the fractal nature of urban growth. Papers of the Regional Science Association 67: 55-69 (S Fotheringham, M Batty, P Longley).


Graphical assessment of housing market models
. Urban Studies 25: 21 33 (P Longley, R Dunn).

The morphology of urban land use Environment and Planning B 15: 461 88 (M Batty, P Longley).

Research and teaching functions in undergraduate projectwork . The Journal of Geography in Higher Education 12: 187 94 (L Moore, P Longley).

An economic and social profile of the Cardiff Bay area. Cambria 61-87 (J Alden, M Batty, S Batty, P Longley)


Graphical procedures for identifying functional form in binary discrete choice models. Regional Science and Urban Economics 17: 151 71 (R Dunn, P Longley, N Wrigley).

Fractal-based description of urban form. Environment and Planning B 14: 123 34 (M Batty, P Longley).

Using fractal geometry to measure maps and simulate cities
Computer Education 56: 15 19 (P Longley, M Batty).

Urban shapes as fractals . Area 19: 215 21 (M Batty, P Longley). Reprinted in A Reggiani, K Button, P Nijkamp (2006: eds) Classics in Planning: Planning Models. Cheltenham, Elgar


The fractal-simulation-of-urban-structure-1986. Environment and Planning A 18: 1143 79 (M Batty, P Longley).


Scaling Residential preferences: methodical note Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 75: 292 9 (P Longley, N Wrigley).

Comparing discrete choice models. In D Pitfield (ed) London Papers in Regional Science Vol. 14 Chapter 6 163 180: London, Pion.

Diagnostic-testing-of-housing-choice-models-1984. Modeling and Simulation 15: 215 9 (P Longley, N Wrigley, R Dunn).


A discrete choice formulation of housing choice and mobility decisions: the British case. Modeling and Simulation 14: 733-7

Professor of Geographic Information Science, University College London